Hermès accuses artist of infringing trade mark over ‘MetaBirkins’
In a bid to raise awareness about cruelty-free luxury goods, artist Mason Rothschild has created a limited number of non-fungible tokens (‘NFT’) of the iconic Hermès Birkin bag. However, these bags are redesigned as furry, cruelty-free, virtual alternatives. Hermès states that no permission was sought to use the trade mark and that Rothschild is infringing the Hermès trade mark.
Rothschild has previously caused trouble with the behemoth luxury fashion house, with the creation of the ‘Baby Birkin’ NFT back in May 2021. The Baby Birkin NFT is described as “an animation in 3D max … soundtracked by a space-age .wav audio file, amplifying this illustration of pregnancy in an enigmatic creation”. This sold for the equivalent of nearly $24,000 in cryptocurrency on the blockchain. At the time, Hermès affirmed that they believed their trade mark was infringed and that they had no affiliation to the Baby Birkin NFT.
Rothschild’s latest creation takes aim at the use of animal products in the fashion industry in general. However, he chose the iconic Birkin to be the subject of his NFT. The limited edition NFTs sold on the online marketplace OpenSea for 200 ethereum, or around $700,000.
In response, Hermès have said that “Hermès did not authorise nor consent to the commercialisation or creation of our Birkin bag by Mason Rothschild in the metaverse,” and that “these NFTs infringe upon the intellectual property and trade mark rights of Hermès and are an example of fake Hermès products in the metaverse”.
What does this mean?
The unauthorised use of trade marks in NFTs poses many problems for brands looking to protect their IP. Some issues to consider include:
- the fact that often the value of the NFT comes from the inclusion of the brand or trade mark, rather than the NFT itself. How do we value NFTs?
- how brands can keep up with this evolving trend. Should they join the market and gain control over the use of their brand by creating and selling their own NFTs (like Gucci) or, do they pursue an aggressive monitoring and enforcement policy?
- the risk of fake copies of NFTs being produced. Rothschild has stated he has already seen unauthorised replicas of his MetaBirkin NFT being sold for similar prices to the originals he released. He admitted himself that the blockchain was ‘relentless’ and there was little recourse for consumers who bought fakes.
Brands should be thinking about how they can capitalise on the growing NFT market and how to protect their IP. The law around this issue is nascent and there is little precedent to follow, so it is down to brands to develop the best strategy to protect themselves in the digital era.